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The tribal god of the wandering M é xica, he became the patron deity of the Aztec ceremonial capital, Tenochtitl á … The god's first shrine was built on a spot where priests found an eagle poised upon a rock and devouring a snake. [1] Since he was the patron god of the Mexica, he was credited with both the victories and defeats that the Mexica people had on the battlefield. [19] The Great Temple of Tenochtitlan was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, the rain god. “Templo Mayor.” Wikipedia. There is speculation that the statue still exists in a cave somewhere in the Anahuac Valley. According to Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli needed blood as sustenance in order to continue to keep his sister and many brothers at bay as he chased them through the sky. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Aztec, but modern scholars tend to think of his importance in terms of scaled growth from (possibly) a mortal man of great acclaim to the god whose temple was at the heart of the Aztec empire. Originally he was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god. It stands upon a twig next to that crack, pushes its beak into it as far as possible, and stays there for six months of the year--the entire duration of the winter--nourishing itself with the essence of the tree. He describes what appears the hummingbird hibernating in a tree, somewhat like the common poorwill does. Fallen warriors and women who died in childbirth were thought to become a part of his retinue. HUITZILOPOCHTLI. Huitzilopochtli — Huitzilopochtli, está descrito en el Códice Telleriano Remensis … Wikipedia Español. Meanings for Huitzilopochtli It's a pictorial representation of an eagle goddess worshipped in Aztec origin. ↩, Henry Phillips, Jr., “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. [7], Diego Durán provides some insight to the "huitzitzilin" bird after which the Aztec God is named. He was the son of Coatlicue and brother of the southern star gods. The first Spanish attack against the Aztec came when the conquistador Pedro de Alvarado attacked the city of Tenochtitlan during Toxcatl, a day of feasting dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. “Huitzilopochtli.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Huitzilopochtli played many roles within the Aztec pantheon. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. He was very important because he was the patron god of Tenochtitlan he was blamed for the defeats or praised for the victories. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Huitzilopochtli in höchster Qualität. Huitzilopochtli: The History of the Aztec God of War and Human Sacrifice - Kindle edition by Charles River Editors, Novato, Ernesto. During the festival, captives and slaves were brought forth and slain ceremoniously. – Huitzilopochtli is one of the chief deities of the Aztec and to whom countless human sacrifices are made. The people had to make sacrifices to him to protect the Aztec from infinite night. Sacrifices were reported to be made in other Aztec cities, including Tlatelolco, Xochimilco, and Texcoco, but the number is unknown, and no currently available archeological findings confirm this. He is associated with the Sun and Fire. Huitzilopōchtli IPA2|wi.ʦi.lo.ˈpoːʧ.tɬi ( Hummingbird of the South , He of the South , Hummingbird on the Left (South) , or Left Handed Humming Bird – huitzilin is the Nahuatl … Wikipedia. In Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli a Mesoamerican deity of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. Huitzilopochtli was born of Earth Mother Coatlicue after she was impregnated with a ball of feathers. Huitzilopochtli, whose name means ‘left-handed hummingbird’ or ‘southern hummingbird’ was one of the main gods of the Aztec and likely the most prominent. When she woke up and realized she was alone, she became angry and desired revenge. “Huitzilopochtli.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. His name means “Hummingbird of the Left.” The Aztecs believed that warriors who were killed in battle returned to life as hummingbirds. For instance, he was considered the national god of the ‘Mexica’ which is the term the Aztec used to refer to themselves. The leader of one group, Huitzilopochtli, defeats the warriors of a woman leader, Coyolxauh, and tears open their breasts and eats their hearts. "[20] The Templo Mayor actually consisted of a pyramidal platform, on top of which were twin temples. Together, Huitzilopochtli and Quetzalcoatl created fire, the first male and female humans, the Earth, and the Sun. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://www.jstor.org/stable/982343. Huitzilopochtli — In Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli ( nc. Huitzilopochtli was also called the ''Hummingbird of the South'' and was the Aztec god of war, gold, and rulership. The South one was Huitzilopochtli's, and the North one was Tlaloc's. The humming bird wizard, the war and sun god, the chief god of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec city. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of Tenochtitlan, which was were Mexico City sits today. “Huitzilopochtli.” Mythopedia. That these two deities were on opposite sides of the Great Temple is very representative of the Aztec dichotomy that the deities represent. It is also why it was so important to provide tribute for Huitzilopochtli as sustenance for the Sun. He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan. In the game’s lore, Huitzilopochtli “used the… Aztecs as tools to drive out the werebeasts that inhabited the lands.”. https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/huitzilopochtli/. And, as I have said, when it feels that winter is coming, it goes to a perennial, leafy tree and with its natural instinct seeks out a crack. As hummingbirds represented reincarnated warriors, the implication was that Huitzilopochtli had been sired by an anonymous warrior. For instance, he was considered the national god of the ‘Mexica’ which is the term the Aztec used to refer to themselves. Privacy Policy, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Huitzilopochtli, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hu%C4%ABtzil%C5%8Dp%C5%8Dchtli, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Templo_Mayor, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/huitzilopochtli/. He is the sun god of war, sacrifice and the city of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital which grew into Mexico City. For the next 270 years, the Aztec people were semi-nomadic, settling down from time to time before ultimately moving along. Evan Meehan, “Huitzilopochtli,” Mythopedia, accessed , https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/huitzilopochtli/. In an alternative version, the god is the offspring of Coatlίcue, the supreme earth goddess. He also ordered them never to call themselves Aztec; instead they should be called "Mexica." These children, angered by the manner by which their mother became impregnated, conspired to kill her. Huitzilopochtli — /wee tsee loh pohch tlee/, n. the Aztec god of war and of the sun. Huitzilopochtli was the brother of Quetzalcoatl. Thus, according to Huitzilopochtli's command, Tenochtitlan the Aztec capital, was founded in AD 1325 on a small rocky island in the lake of the Valley of Mexico. He represents the dry season and is the sun’s weapon. 16th century Dominican Friar Diego Durán wrote, "These two gods were always meant to be together, since they were considered companions of equal power. (n.d.). As the Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli was instrumental in their conquest of neighboring groups. Huitzilopochtli was one of the most important deities in the Aztec pantheon. 1 History 2 Appearances 3 Stats 3.1 Majin Tensei II: Spiral Nemesis Huitzilopochtli, also known as Uitzilopochtli, is an Aztec god of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. His older brothers included Xipe Totec (god of agriculture, rebirth, and goldsmiths), Tezcatlipoca (omnipresent god of the night sky and knower of all thoughts), and Quetzalcoatl (god of the wind, giver of maize, and inventor of books and calendars). In the midst of this attack, Huitzilopochtli emerged from his mother’s womb “in full war regalia” and destroyed his brothers and sisters.7. [16] If Huitzilopochtli did not have enough strength to battle his siblings, they would destroy their mother and thus the world. Some say Huitzilopochtli did not aid his people as he was busy protecting the sun against the assault of the star gods. He was also the national god of the Mexicas, also known as Aztecs, of Tenochtitlan. The protector of the ancient Aztecs and patron of their capital city was Huitzilopochtli, the god of war and the god of the sun. Nice DTG print, available in Sizes SmalL-2XL on a Next Level black 100% ring-spun cotton t-shirt. “Huitzilopochtli.” Mythopedia, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/huitzilopochtli/. Tlaloc, as the rain god, represented fertility and growth, while Huitzilopochtli, as the sun god, represented war and sacrifice. Read and Gonzalez took this shared temple space as another indication of Huitzilopochtli’s relatively recent origin amongst the Aztec gods. Huitzilopochtli has no direct relevance for the tonalpohualli. She gave birth to a son called Copil. Once the Central God of War in Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli was represented as a bird or as a feathered, black-faced guy holding a snake-shaped scepter and a mirror. [13] Huitzilopochtli burst forth from his mother's womb in full armor and fully grown, or in other versions of the story, burst forth from the womb and immediately put on his gear. Accessed June 24, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Templo_Mayor. [10][11][12] Her other children, who were already fully grown, were the four hundred male Centzonuitznaua and the female deity Coyolxauhqui. Huitzilopochtli is presented as the deity who guided the long migration the Aztecs undertook from Aztlan, their traditional home, to the Valley of Mexico. The temple served as Huitzilopochtli’s central sacrificial altar, and rituals involving ceremonial sculptures and human sacrifice were generally conducted on site. Accessed . After accompanying Huitzilopochtli for a period of four years, the fallen warriors would be reborn as hummingbirds. Huitzilopochtli was said to be in a constant struggle with the darkness and required nourishment in the form of sacrifices to ensure the sun would survive the cycle of 52 years, which was the basis of many Mesoamerican myths. Meehan, Evan. He was the God of Sun and South. He put his sister to sleep and ordered the Aztecs to leave the place. Aungebli hods ea af eana launge Roas gschikt. [2] He wielded Xiuhcoatl as a weapon, associating him with fire. In his hand, Huitzilopochtli holds a Xiuhcoatl as a weapon. 2014 Aztec Archäologie und Ethnohistorie. While Coatlicue had many children, the two most illustrious were Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of war, and his sister Coyolxauhqui, who famously tried to murder Coatlicue. According to the Aubin Codex, the Aztecs originally came from a place called Aztlán. In the book El Calendario Mexica y la Cronografia by Rafael Tena and published by the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico, the author gives the last day of the Nahuatl month Panquetzaliztli as the date of the celebration of the rebirth of the Lord Huitzilopochtli on top of Coatepec (Snake Hill); December 9 in the Julian calendar or December 19 in the Gregorian calendar with the variant of December 18 in leap years. Also known as Uitzilopochtli The mighty Aztec Sun God of War He’s the chief deity of the Aztecs, a formidable War God who blazes away in the sky. According to one well-known Aztec myth, Huitzilopochtli was the son of Coatlicue (meaning ‘She of the Serpent Skirt’), a primordial earth goddess. According to the Florentine Codex, Huitzilopochtli's body was painted blue. Originally he was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god. Others theorize that he and the other gods returned to Aztlan together with their favorite priests, kings and warriors. In art and iconography, Huitzilopochtli could be represented either as a hummingbird or as an anthropomorphic figure with just the feathers of such on his head and left leg, a black face, and holding a scepter shaped like a snake and a mirror. All of these origins were equally valid, as Aztec mythology had neither required hierarchies nor rigid family structures.2. He’s the chief deity of the Aztecs, a formidable War God who blazes away in the sky. One if not the, supreme diety/spirit in Aztec pantheon. Huitzilopochtli — /wee tsee loh pohch tlee/, n. the Aztec god of war and of the sun. For a time, Huitzilopochtli left them in the charge of his sister, Malinalxochitl, who, according to legend, founded Malinalco, but the Aztecs resented her ruling and called back Huitzilopochtli. The sign would be an eagle perched on a cactus, eating a precious serpent, and the place would become their permanent home. Da Huitzilopochtli (da Kolibri zua Linkn), oda aa Uitzilopochtli oda Vitzliputzli, woa da Stammgod vo de Mexica (Aztekn) aus Tenochtitlan. His name means “He who is the embodiment of the Earth” In the aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, one of the two shrines on top of the great temple was dedicated to him. ↩, Phillips, “Notes,” 626. In Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli (pronounced: hwitsiloˈpoːtʃtɬi "Hummingbird('s) South", huitzilin being Nahuatl for hummingbird), was a god of war, a sun god, and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan.He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan. There were 19 altars in the city of Tenochtitlan. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. He writes, "It appears to be dead, but at the advent of spring, ... the little bird is reborn. The Aztec god Huitzilopochtli was many things to the Mexica people. Taube KA. These predictions would be proven correct during the reign of Moctezuma II. The blue shrine was to Tlaloc and represented the rainy season and the summer solstice. Pohl, John M. D. and Claire L. Lyons. [citation needed]. 116 (June 1884), 617. Huitzilopochtli was said to be in a constant struggle with the darkness and required nourishment in the form of sacrifices to ensure the sun would survive th… Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Huitzilopochtli sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. The god's first shrine was built on a spot where priests found an eagle poised upon a rock and devouring a snake. [5] Despite the popularity of these later interpretations, Huitzilopochtli's name most probably does not mean "left-handed/southern hummingbird" considering that the Classical Nahuatl huītzilin ("hummingbird") is the modifier of ōpōchtli ("left-hand side") in this compound rather than the reverse;[6] there continues to be much disagreement as to the full meaning of this name. [28] Another version of the myth, found in the historical chronicles of Diego Duran and Alvarado Tezozomoc, tells the story with strong historical allusion and portrays two Aztec factions in ferocious battle. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica tribe. Her other 400 children, the Centzonhuitznahua, were the gods of the southern stars. However, Huitzilopochtli was known as the primary god of war in ancient Mexico. Famous for wearing a skirt of snakes, she was the mother of Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of war, and served as an agricultural fertility deity. Read, Kay Almere and Jason J. Gonzalez. Huitzilopochtli was born of Earth Mother Coatlicue after she was impregnated with a ball of feathers. Although the shrines were next to each other, Huitzilopochtli's was toward the south side. The Templo Mayor erected at the center of Tenochtitlan was dedicated to both Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, the god of rain. Through this, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend. Huitzilopochtli is sometimes identified as the Blue Tezcatlipoca. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Huitzilopochtli: The History of the Aztec God of War and Human Sacrifice. He always had a blue-green hummingbird helmet in any of the depictions found. Coatlicue picked the ball of feathers up, and kept it in her bosom, resulting in her becoming pregnant with Huitzilopochtli. Meanings for Huitzilopochtli It's a pictorial representation of an eagle goddess worshipped in Aztec origin. As hummingbirds were thought to be reincarnated warriors, the implied meaning of the name was adjusted to “Reincarnated Warrior God from the South.”, Befitting his status as a god of war, Huitzilopochtli was believed to be an immensely powerful warrior. Sacrifices were made to him after every victory and defeat, and the dawn of creation even paused and waited for his arrival. In Tlacaelel’s religious reforms, the emperor elevated Huitzilopochtli to supreme war god and on par with the three chief gods of the Aztecs at the time: Tezcatlipoca, Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl. In Tlacaelel’s religious reforms, the emperor elevated Huitzilopochtli to supreme war god and on par with the three chief gods of the Aztecs at the time: Tezcatlipoca, Tlaloc and Quetzalcoatl. Ritual human sacrifices of prisoners were made to him. He appears to have been a later development of Opochtli, a culture hero of the… As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. Through this, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend. This suggestion is that there was a ritual reenactment of the myth at the dedication of the stone sometime in the latter part of the fifteenth century. People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; there were ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices. Boone EH. [36] He also holds the blue snake, Xiuhcoatl, in his hand in the form of an atlatl, or spear thrower. Huitzilopochtli is seen as the sun in mythology, while his many male siblings are perceived as the stars and his sister as the moon. L. Lyons and was the sun [ 18 ], Diego Durán described the for! 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